Beetroot, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris, is a vibrant and nutritious root vegetable that has been cultivated and consumed for centuries. Its deep red or purple hue is a result of natural pigments called betalains, which not only give it its distinctive colour but also contribute to its numerous health benefits.
Beetroot is rich in antioxidants like betalains and vitamin C, which help combat oxidative stress, reduce inflammation, and protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Beetroot is also rich in nitrites. Nitrates have been found to support both athletic performance and heart health. The nitrates have been shown to enhance oxygen utilization in muscles which may improve endurance and exercise performance. Additionally, they can help lower blood pressure, improve blood vessel function, and reduce the risk of heart disease. Overall, beetroot is an antioxidant- and nitrate-rich superfood.